is the urinary tract infection more common in women. So much that 50% of the female population will have at least one episode of cystitis throughout his life.
In summer, due to our habits, this infection is frequent and therefore, it is important to know how to prevent it or at least to have at hand some tips that can reduce the risk of suffering from it.
“The cystitis It is the infection of the bladder, most of which is caused by bacteria that come up from the skin of our genitals, through the urethra (the tube that connects the bladder to the outside and through which urine spell). These germs live in the digestive tract”, explains to laSexta.com the Dr. Mercedes Herrero Conde, gynecologist and sexologist from Gine4 at HM hospitals.
The most common symptoms of cystitis are severe pain or a burning sensation when urinating, which may or may not be associated with red blood in the urine. Also – as we explain in this Article– there may be an increase in the frequency of urination or a persistent feeling of continuous urination.
In general, UTIs are more common in women because “the urethra of women is much shorter than that of men, which passes through the entire penis to its exit hole. In addition, the exit hole in women is closer to the anus, where the germs come out abroad”, explains the expert.
On the other hand, he adds that “the cold and dampness in the genitals, by wearing wet swimsuits, favor the passage of these germs towards the urethra. In addition, the concentrated urine of drinking little water can promote its appearance; This is why they are associated with summer, although they actually occur throughout the year.
10 tips to prevent cystitis
Not just in summer, “to prevent summer cystitis, you have to have good habits all year round,” says Dr. Herrero. Therefore, it is important to follow these tips to reduce the risk of having cystitis or suffering from it again.
1. Maintain proper vulvar hygiene…
It is important to wash it well with soap-free products that respect the pH; always clean from front to back, especially after filing.
2. …and more special at specific times
In the case of dry mucous membranes, such as during menopause or during certain treatments, it is essential “to moisturize the vulva with suitable products every day, after washing. For this, we can find formats in creams or in oils,” she recommends. If in doubt, we can consult a health professional.
3. Stay hydrated
The hydration in summer with key. It is important “to drink enough water to produce urine in normal quantities”, explains the doctor. As indicated in this report urologist Lucia Osorio, of HM Rosaleda Hospital, “to increase fluid intake enough to produce two liters of urine in 24 hours, provided that it is not contraindicated by another medical pathology”.
4. Empty the bladder well
When you feel the need, it is necessary to empty the bladder well, because “this allows to eliminate the germs which have been able to go up, without allowing them to adhere to the walls of the bladder, causing an infection”, recommends Dr. Herrero.
5. Avoid wearing a wet swimsuit
To prevent the risk of cystitis, it is important to avoid staying long in a wet bathing suit, especially if you have already had an episode of cystitis: “If you have already had cystitis in recent months, avoid wear wet clothes after swimming”, holds.
6. Urination after sex
As the expert explains, during sex, germs can come up through the urethra, so it is advisable to urinate, that is, empty the bladder at the end and wash the area well. respondent.
7. Respect medical treatments
To treat cystitis, “antibiotic treatment is necessary, so it is important to follow the treatment regimen well: not only is it effective at this time, but it also prevents future infections”, explains the expert, pointing out that “incomplete guidelines of antibiotics, they eliminate the most fragile bacteria, allowing the most harmful to remain in the bladder”.
8. Consult the doctor if there are more episodes
“If you have two episodes in less than 6 months, see your doctor. There may be an unknown predisposing factor, and it can be resolved,” he advises.
9. Know the predisposing factors for cystitis
Related to the above, it’s important “to learn to recognize the factors associated with your infection, so you can prevent it in the future,” he says; since in addition, “risk situations vary in each woman”. Each woman will therefore have different factors.
10. During pregnancy, check out any symptoms
In this period of life, it is essential “to consult at the slightest symptom, because infections are more likely to affect the upper urinary tract, even reaching the kidney, producing pyelonephritis”, concludes the doctor.